The first of its kind guidelines to make the health sector in line with the ambitious goal of keeping the global temperature rise below 1.5 ° C under the Paris Agreement
For a health system that is completely free of pollution, a road map has been released by organizations called Health Care without Harm and Arup. This road map is a navigational tool for achieving the goal of zero emissions with climate sustainability and health equity at the 2021 Skol World Forum.
Health Care Without Harm is working to make the transformation of the health sector possible without compromising the safety or care of patients around the world, to become ecologically sustainable as well as a leading advocate of environmental health and justice. Could.
This road map is the first of its kind blueprint for the global healthcare sector to achieve the target of zero emissions by the year 2050. The climate footprint of the healthcare sector is already high and is equivalent to 4.4% of global emissions. By not taking climate-related steps inside and outside the health sector, the amount of pollution emitted by this region will increase by more than three times by 2050 to more than six gigatons per year. This would be equivalent to the pollution emitted annually by 770 coal-fired power stations.
Even if various countries fulfill their commitment to the Paris Agreement, emissions from the healthcare sector will fall by an estimated 70%, but this is much higher than the target of zero emissions. The road map of Health Care Without Harm and Arup shows how health services can implement seven high-impact activities to further reduce the emissions of the healthcare sector by 44 gigatons over the course of 36 years. . This would have the effect of not excluding 2.7 billion barrels of oil every year.
The road map also identifies the actual status of various countries’ efforts to free their own health sector from carbon. There is a need to reduce the footprint of greenhouse gases most rapidly and strongly in countries with large health sector. At the same time, low- and middle-income countries less responsible for pollution emissions can implement smart solutions to the climate to develop a health infrastructure while following a relatively less robust path towards the goal of zero emissions. In the new global road map, it has been found that 84% of the pollution generated by the health sector is generated through the use of fossil fuels. This fuel is used in various operational activities of the healthcare sector, supply chain and macroeconomy. The use of this fuel also includes the use of coal, oil and gas in the construction and transportation of electricity systems in hospitals, health-related travel and health-related products.
Josh Carliner, international director of programs and strategy and co-author of the road map at Health Care Without Harm, said, “We are currently experiencing climate and health-related emergencies. Tough climates like fossil fuel burning and wildfires Due to the related effects, respiratory diseases are increasing. The health sector is suffering the wounds of these two crises. It is also ironic that it is spraying salt on those wounds through the pollution it emits. In the health sector, it is important for leaders to come forward and set an example and start from now on towards achieving zero emission targets by the year 2050. The Road Map suggests ways to move forward in this direction. . “
The road map presents a detailed account of pollution emissions by the health sector in 68 countries of the world. At the same time, suggestions have also been made to help governments, international agencies, the private sector and civil society to achieve the goal of decarbonization and create better and more equitable health outcomes. Suggestions to governments include incorporating the health sector decarbonization in its Nationally Determined Contribution Resolution in line with the Paris Agreement, and developing strong regionwide climate policies that support public health while supporting health sector decarbonisation and sustainability. Keep it safe from climate change.
Sonia Rosnik, international private policy director and road map co-author at Health Care Without Harm, said “the health systems of all countries will need to be completely pollution-free by the year 2050. Also achieving global health goals.” Many health systems in low- and middle-income countries will need the cooperation of developed economies to achieve the necessary solutions during this transition.”
Dr. David Nabero, COVID-19 Special Envoy of the World Health Organization and Dr. David Nabero, chairman of Global Health, co-director of IGHI Imperial College London, said “The Covid-19 epidemic has shown how the health sector is adequately focused and supported.” Can deal with tremendous challenges at a rapid pace. Greater efforts are needed to address the health impacts of climate change. “
Dr. Maria Neera, director of the Department of Environmental Climate and Health at the World Health Organization, said, “Just as we succeeded in recovering from Covid-19. In the same way, these heroes related to the health sector in the direction of protecting public health from the crisis of climate change Can play the role of a leader in their field. Just as they did when defending us from the Covid-19. The process of compensation starts with transformative climate solutions. “
Dr. K. K., President of Public Health Foundation of India. Srinath Reddy said “Establishing the health sector’s commitment to climate as a disaster preparedness strategy in a zero emission race should be included in climate protection related activities. Also the development of the health sector and between countries and their The gaps in its availability have to be eliminated. ”