Now is the time to accept that climate change is showing its impact on our everyday lives, Global warming is increasing the monsoon rains in India more than expected
A series of extreme weather events have been observed in the Himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand along with the western coastal states of Maharashtra and Goa in India. Hundreds of people have lost their lives due to deadly floods , cloud bursts and landslides.
Thousands of people have been evacuated since July 22, with record-breaking rains reported in parts of the west coast . Relief and Rihabitileshn Department (Assistance and Rehabilitation Department) – According to the state, has been Ivekyuatt nearly 229,074 people from flood-hit areas. A total of 164 deaths have been reported and 25,564 animals have died till 26 July . 56 people were injured and 100 are still missing. A total of 1028 villages have been affected , of which Raigad district is the worst affected , followed by Ratnagiri and Satara districts.
Meanwhile , Himachal Pradesh reported a landslide on July 25 , in which nine were killed and several were injured. There have been continuous reports of landslides in Uttarakhand since the beginning of the month.
Experts say that the time has come for us to accept that the effects of climate change are visible on our everyday lives. With global warming intensifying , the Indian monsoon season has become unstable. Scientists have already warned that the monsoon rains will increase with the increase in global temperature.
AVM ( AVM) G.P. Sharma , President – Meteorology and Climate Change , Skymet Weather said , “ We have already achieved the seasonal rainfall target even before the half of the season is over. Climate change is the reality of the moment. Weather sensitivity is increasing , whether it is the intensity or frequency of cloud bursts , landslides , heavy rainfall , cyclones or other events. Monsoon has become volatile and we are in the pattern of the monsoon season, as the ever steady, seeing a big change. This is no longer the domain of meteorologists and requires a multidisciplinary or multi-specialty focus , which requires integration among all stakeholders. “
Further, according to a recent study by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research , ‘ Climate change is making the Indian monsoon season more messy ‘, for every degree Celsius of warming , the monsoon rainfall is likely to increase by about 5% . Is. Global warming is increasing the monsoon rains in India more than previously thought. It dominates the dynamics (on) the monsoon 21st century. Climate change is leading to unpredictable weather extremes and their dire consequences. The socio-economic well being of the Indian subcontinent is indeed on the line (in danger). An overly messy monsoon season threatens agriculture and the economy in the region and should be a wake-up call for policymakers to drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions around the world.
Mahesh Palawat,Vice President – Meteorology and Climate Change,Skymet Weather , said , “ July is the rainiest month for the four-month long Southwest Monsoon season. With vigorous Monsoon conditions across the country , we are witnessing heavy rains across Maharashtra. Were expecting heavy rains , but this series of extreme weather was not expected. No doubt we are vulnerable to climate change and the consequences are before us. Western Ghats with deforestation and rapid urbanization Landslides and large-scale destruction have occurred due to the fragile nature of the atmosphere. The warming of the atmosphere increases the air’s ability to hold moisture , forming intense cumulonimbus clouds or vertically developed clouds , which cause continuous heavy rain in the region. There is live. Also, when the atmosphere is unstable, these are made clear repeatedly that it turns into a series of formation of clouds is constant rain. “
Talking about the weather patterns in the Himalayan region , Palawat further said , “The weather becomes more sensitive in the mountainous region , as the mountains react to the weather more quickly. As reiterated earlier , when cumulonimbus clouds are formed in the absence of strong upper air , they do not tend to travel very long or we can say that they get stuck. These clouds then release all the water in a certain area , which is called a cloud burst. Deforestation and the continued construction of hydropower plants , roads , hotels or houses have made the soil unstable (loose) , resulting in frequent landslides even with little rain. At the same time , our Himalayan ranges are ecologically fragile , even a small impact of climate change can cause fatalities in mountainous areas. “
The IPCC ‘s fifth assessment report cycle concluded that the human impact on the climate system is “obvious”. Since then , the literature on attribution – the sub-field of climatology that looks at how (and how much) human activities cause climate change – has expanded significantly. Has happened. Today , scientists are more certain than ever that climate change is caused by us. A recent study found that the cause of all warming from pre-industrial times are human , leaving no room for debate as to why the climate is changing. AR5 Since , regional influences Has also focused their scientists improve models and with an improved understanding of who will see the effects of global climate change at the regional level.