In the midst of the increasing competition for the adoption of renewable energy in the world, experts believe that it is very important to balance social, economic and environmental concerns in this task of energy conversion necessary for a better future and the government and various stakeholders should be involved in this matter. I have to work with utmost sincerity and sensitivity.
Cuts International and Climate Trends In a webinar organized by He spoke in detail on various aspects of ‘ Just Transformation ‘ . centered on Rajasthan In the webinar, experts discussed extensively on issues related to the interconnectedness of climate change , energy sector , economy , society and ecology .
Rohit Gupta, Managing Director, Rajasthan Urja Vikas Nigam Limited said in the webinar that we also have to see that no one section of the society has to pay the cost of adopting renewable energy by leaving conventional energy. This is a big challenge before us. Renewable energy conversion are fully connected to the fact that those coal-based economy will see before the dash, what will happen to their livelihood.
He said that agriculture is a very important sector. In energy conversion, we also have to see that the rates of that energy are within the purchasing capacity of the farmers and renewable energy can meet all the electricity needs of the agriculture sector. Apart from this, it also has to be seen that what will be the impact of renewable energy rates on industries and domestic consumers.
Stressing on the need to define the right definition of equitable conversion of energy in India’s perspective, Swati D’Souza , principal researcher, Climate Action Wing, National Foundation for India , said that when we talk of energy conversion in India, we are talking about financing technology. And let’s look at the economic aspects only, but everyone knows that the era of coal and lignite is about to end. We have to first look at the definition of ‘ coal transition worker ‘ in India . The coal sector has a large number of workers who work on contract or they are daily wage laborers so it is important how we look at this unorganized sector when we define coal transition worker or lignite transition worker. When we are working in when defining the fossil fuel transition worker who wrote regular – read get them benefits, but they do not tend to be denied benefits. The exact number of such workers is known only then it will be possible to get an idea of what the cost of energy conversion will actually be .
They said “ When we talk of an energy equitable transformation perspective, we have to include the elements of environment and employment as well. We have to include it in the regional industrial policy and the state industrial policy.
At the same time, it has to be seen that there is continuity in this work. ”
Amit Kumar, Senior Director, Social Transformation Department, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), while discussing extensively on other aspects of energy transformation and what is needed to justify this exercise, said “Society’s opinion in development projects in general Lee is. while we may not be compatible it justice as long as you do not ensure the participation of communities in decision-making related to development. ”
He said that when we talk about energy conversion, we only talk about electricity conversion. By doing this we very easily overlook other uses of electricity. Whether it is an experiment in the field of transport or in cooking or in MSME. Similarly, when we talk about the social cost of energy conversion, we are mostly talking about the sectors that are dependent on coal for their economic development , but I believe that we have to do with energy conversion. The issues of energy power and energy access should also be included and addressed.
Giving the example of Rajasthan, Kumar said that the energy consumption per person per year in this state is almost 1300 kW which is almost half of Gujarat , so There is a lot of potential for better penetration of electricity in Rajasthan. Under the Ujjwala scheme, gas connections were given to crores of women, but most of its beneficiaries did not get much benefit as they did not have the capacity to refill the cylinders. In fact, we must also assess the future of energy conversion. I believe this is a national issue. Together we can work towards making energy conversion equitable.
Amol Kulkarni, Research Director, Cuts InternationalSaid that renewable energy has attracted the attention of India as well as the whole world with its great potential. India the year 2030 An ambitious target of 450 GW of renewable energy generation has been set. But it is equally important to take cognizance of issues related to energy conversion. It is important to have a strong strategy to listen and understand the concerns of the various stakeholders affected by this transformation. For this, the scope of consultation will have to be taken up to the local and state level.
He said that the livelihood of thousands of families depends on the coal sector . In such a situation, it has to be seen that what will be the cost to be paid for energy conversion. While doing the conversion, it has to be ensured that the future of these families is secure. We are working to get an idea of what the effect of energy conversion will be. Renewable energy is definitely a must for a better future. Technological up-gradation and increase in investment are very important aspects which need to be worked out in a very systematic manner.
Referring to the possibilities of clean energy generation offered by Rajasthan, Kulkarni said, “In Rajasthan An ambitious target of 30 GW of renewable energy generation has been set. The state also has the largest solar power project in the world. The issue is how can we ensure that Rajasthan leads the way for equitable conversion of energy,” he said.
Sarthak Shukla of CUTS International, giving a presentation, threw light on the present status of clean energy transformation of Rajasthan. He also mentioned the status of the state’s energy sector and the main challenges faced by the energy sector during its transformation with the aim of a clean and pollution free future. He also stressed on the need to ensure complete transparency and accountability in the process of switching from coal to renewable energy in Rajasthan.
He said that during energy conversion, a balance has to be struck between the interests of power distribution companies , industries , government , consumers and various user sectors. This transformation has to be financed in an inclusive manner. Also, coal power stations will have to be phased out in an equitable and phased manner. Apart from this, policies for technological optimization of hydrogen energy , electric vehicle , battery storage , along with creating unique business models , will have to be made keeping the interests of consumers , workers and general public at the center.
Aarti Khosla , Director, Climate Trends , said that any kind of conversion comes with a price. As far as adopting renewable energy from conventional energy is concerned, then there will be a price to be paid for it too. But this transformation has to be carried out for a better future. We have to devise such measures that the sections and areas affected by this transformation are least affected and they can recover from it soon. Also they get a better future.
Simran Grover, CEO of Basque Research FoundationReferring to the state of the power system in Rajasthan, he said that despite having additional generation capacity, the power companies are buying power from the open market. Not only cheap but expensive electricity is also being bought. This is a surprising thing. As far as renewable energy is concerned, the current distribution capacity is very poor. On the financial side, the situation is even more complicated.
Kartikeya Singh, Program Director, Stitching SED FundSaid that at present the government itself depends on the coal economy. State governments have to think about how they can successfully carry out energy conversion. In the event of energy conversion, a large number of people’s jobs will be lost , so the government should All arrangements have to be made to ensure that this transformation is balanced and equitable.