New Delhi: Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari has been quoted as saying that petrol will be banned in the country in the next 5 years.
Media reports quoted Gadkari as saying that bio-ethanol being made in Vidarbha district of Maharashtra is being used in vehicles. Green hydrogen can be made from deep well water and can be sold for Rs 70 per kg. The Union Minister reportedly said that the country will run out of petrol in the next five years due to which fossil fuels will be banned in the country.
Gadkari also highlighted the need for farmers to become not only food providers but also energy providers. He said that no farmer can change his future by planting only wheat, rice and maize.
Gadkari was on Thursday conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Science (DSc) by Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth in Akola, Maharashtra, which is said to have made the above remarks.
Governor and Chancellor of Public Universities Bhagat Singh Koshyari presented the degree to the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways at the 36th Convocation of the University. Former Vice Chancellor Dr. Motilal Madan, VC Dr. Vilas Bhale, Registrar, Dean of Faculty, Professors, Teachers and graduate students were present on the occasion.
What is bioethanol made of?
Bioethanol is a type of alcohol produced by the fermentation of sugar. The production process involves taking a raw material and breaking it down with enzymes to form a mass of natural sugars. These sugars are then fermented, and the alcohol produced by this natural process is separated by distillation. Depending on the type of crops used, there may be other steps in the process, but essentially all bioethanol is the ethanol produced by this type of biological fermentation.
In theory, bioethanol could be produced from anything containing starch or sugars (the starch is broken down into sugars during this process). However, using any vegetable crop as a source of bioethanol is not yet economically viable or efficient, so there are few that are commonly used.
The most common crops used for fuel production are sugarcane, some cereals, wood from trees such as poplar and willow, Jerusalem artichokes and some grasses, such as reed grass. Bioethanol can also be produced from sawdust or waste straw. What crops are used in a particular country really depends on the region growing well, but different types of crops can be used, almost anywhere in the world where agricultural land is available, It is possible to make bioethanol.