These policies will prepare the earth to face climate change

Just as climate policymakers around the world are observing the I PCC Working Group report on changing the state and direction of the global climate and environment ahead of its release, a new paper published in Nature Climate Change reveals such improve went to identify policies that global climate and sustainable development can be addressed both objectives.

This paper shows how we can work towards combating climate change, along with addressing other social issues. Also , this paper identifies key policy areas where the choices made by the government can have many benefits for the people and the entire earth.

The paper is authored by researchers from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research ( PIK), Potsdam University and the German Development Institute.

Describing his study , its co-author , Elmar Kriegler, says , “Climate change is about to see this as a ‘silo Mentaliti’ (frog) to the wells, which it an isolated issue, will we failed. We need to combine climate protection with a comprehensive sustainability strategy This means that we will have to do a mix of policy measures , with carbon pricing being a key point , as well as policies and measures to promote healthy and sustainable diets and reduce our energy demands. Our analysis presents a possible path towards a more sustainable future and shows that human well-being can be achieved without harming the earth. ”

What is the story of the research paper ?

Some of the highlights of this paper are as follows

· Climate and sustainable development policies are important , but focusing on just one set of policies can lead to constraints and compulsions to compromise , which will slow our progress.

· It is making paper Sustainable Development pathway, which purpose well for both of them is to identify policies, climate and sustainable development, addresses this gap.

· Examples of policy ideas:

o Redistribution of carbon pricing revenues: Using a portion of industrialized countries’ revenues to help pricing greenhouse gas emissions and support sustainable development policies in low-income countries. The energy-intensive industries and lifestyle, will help make the transition to move away from both, as well as will create a funding pipeline which could help overcome poverty in the Global South (Global South).

o Diet and agriculture: On their own , some climate policies can increase global food prices – for example , there is much evidence that increased demand for bioenergy drives up food prices by increasing demand for agricultural land. But this price hike doesn’t happen when you combine climate protection policies with other targeted policies to help change lifestyles. For example, low animal protein is not only healthy to change our dietary habits, but also more climate-friendly. It also helps protect our ecosystems because the production of plant-based food requires far less land , water, and manure than meat or dairy .

New pathway to reduce climate change and drive further progress towards SDG goals

Coming to the fore, a new study has found that a climate change world is possible by simultaneously improving all 17 Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs) . Scientists from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research ( PIK) and the German Development Institute have developed a new integrated strategy that combines ambitious climate action with policies dedicated to development, food and energy access , global and national equity , and environmental sustainability. Is. It sheds new light on barriers , but also on synergies to drive progress towards the Climate and Sustainable Development Goals.

PIK scientist Björn Sörgel , and lead author of the study to be published in Nature Climate Change , says , “ Climate policies are important , but on their own they will not be enough to achieve change towards a sustainable and prosperous world for all – an approach that policy makers themselves took to adopt the Paris Agreement and the SDGs in 2015 . If the world continues on the current path, even one of these 17 SDGs will be met by 2030. And this was the case before the COVID- 19 pandemic , but the good news is: we have the means to change that. “

Policy interventions for civilized life within ecological boundaries

In the new study , scientists present a Sustainable Development Pathway – a dedicated strategy that protects people from climate change while simultaneously progressing toward the goals of the SGDs . To this end , the scientists examined different areas of action , such as food , energy or global and national equity , and their effects on the prospects for achieving SGDs . The model framework used in the study is specifically aimed at broad coverage of the SDGs – from alleviating poverty and hunger to climate action and other environmental goals – as many of them interact and are isolated. cannot be seen.

In addition to climate policies in line with the Paris Agreement , the pathway includes additional measures such as healthy nutrition , international climate finance and a redistribution of carbon pricing revenues for the benefit of the poor. “The 2030 to make real progress towards the SDGs and 2050 and then a lever to continue on this track. It’s for us to reconcile a decent life for all while respecting the ecological limits of our planet allow , ” Sorgel says.

Supplying a healthy diet while protecting healthy ecosystems

While climate policies alone can potentially increase food prices – due to increased demand for bioenergy, among other reasons – this is the case when climate protection is combined with other targeted policies and lifestyle changes. is not “shift toward less animal protein in our dietary habits, as an expert to prove far-reaching positive impact of the planetary Health’s recommended diet ( ‘planet Health’ diet), by the commission,” PIK scientist Co-author Isabel Weindel explains. “The ‘ Planetary Health ‘ diet is nutritionally balanced and contains only a modest amount of animal-sourced food , and is therefore much healthier than the mediocre diet in industrialized countries. In addition , there is a need for food production. would require far less land , water and manure , and generate fewer greenhouse gases than a diet high in meat or dairy. Thus changing your dietary habits could help protect the climate and our ecosystems. Is.”

How to make climate policies benefit the global poor

Similarly , a transition away from energy-intensive lifestyles in high-income countries would balance decent living standards in low-income countries and the increase in energy consumption needed to build infrastructure. Another intervention area includes international climate finance and global equity and poverty alleviation in the form of redistribution of carbon pricing revenue for the poor: “We found that climate policies can also reduce poverty in the Global South. Our The analysis shows that pricing greenhouse gas emissions , and using a portion of industrialized countries’ revenues to support sustainable development policies in low-income countries, benefits both the planet and the people , ” explains Sorgel.

Also read in Hindi: यह नीतियां करेंगी पृथ्वी को जलवायु परिवर्तन से मुक़ाबले को तैयार

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