US epidemiologist counts 9 government actions behind Covid cases controlled in India

In the past few months, India has created a global puzzle to manage to dramatically reduce the spread and fatal rate of Covid-19 cases, with some experts calling it a “mystery”, but American scientist Yaner Bar-Yum called it Where is the credit. To limit the spread of infection one must go to the government to be able to identify and leverage their powers.

Bar-Yum, who specializes in quantitative analysis of the pandemic, stated that underlying factors such as previous successful response efforts in the pandemic, low urbanization that limit travel and the rate of community transmission, limited travel and local tourism reduce the impact of Covid-19.

But he pointed out that swift government action to “restrict / regulate the movement to increase public health capacity to meet the increasing demands of the pandemic” was as much necessary as India had succeeded in limiting the effects of the virus. Has done adequately for.

In September last year, India was confirming around 1 lakh cases a day, but the figure has fallen to around 12,000 as the country effectively flattened the curve. The case mortality rate has also declined sharply.

Highlighting the steps taken by the government, Bar-Yama said that particular decisions to impose severe restrictions on travel, stopping gatherings, targeting localized lockdowns, school closures, proved to be effective in controlling the outbreak Were. He said that other major steps such as effective public communication, improvement in case recognition, industrial production of masks and other personal protective equipment (PPE) and rapid improvement in testing capacity have also contributed.

Bar-Yama said that India’s success showed that time and travel are important to control the epidemic. “The message of going out of India is therefore the message prohibiting travel to areas where there are cases, separate the cases and do not allow them to spread the infection”, he wrote.

In a paper published on his website, he listed nine major government functions that have helped India control the infection as well as its infection:

  1. He described the country’s zoning for the local lockout as three zones – Red, Orange and Green – as the most effective step taken by the government last April. While severe restrictions were imposed in the affected districts, there were partial loads of restrictions in the unaffected districts along with the opening of some areas to meet the economic challenges.
  2. The ban on travel was the second most important step, as travel was regulated through the issuance of e-passes with checks at state borders across the country. He said that the regulation of the yatra is going on in 2021 as the yatra has not been fully regulated.
  3. Isolation and contact tracing of individuals testing positive for Covid-19, and quarantine primary high-risk contacts has been an effective strategy.
  4. The government closed all colleges and schools for an extended period, and only recently reopened with partial and only in the context of very few cases recently.
  5. Bar-Yama highlighted the contribution of Indian industry, which he said should produce masks and personal protective equipment not only to meet the needs of the country, but also to supply to the world.
  6. India has gone from a single laboratory that can do more than 2300 RT-PCR tests for Covid-19 in a very short time, and this number has reduced the test result return time and isolation and quarantine. The strategy has also been strengthened.
  7. From meticulous collar tunes on phones to heavy fines for not wearing masks, Covid-19 has been a major initiative of the government to spread public awareness of the risks, and has meant that the population would have more willingly accepted sanctions guidelines is.
  8. American scientist also praised the response in high-density urban areas, which presented the greatest challenge, but lockdown refinements, travel restrictions, rapid case detection, and communications found in other locations limited proliferation Has helped.
  9. He said that the vaccination campaign, which is the largest in the world, is also expected to have an increasingly significant impact on outbreak control in India.