New Delhi: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the proposal for an increase in the minimum support prices (MSP) of all mandated rabi crops for the Rabi Marketing Season (RMS) 2021-22. This increase in the minimum support price is in line with the recommendations of the Swaminathan Commission. In view of nutritional requirements and changing dietary style and to achieve self-sufficiency in the production of pulses and oilseeds, the Government has set a comparatively higher MSP for these crops.
The highest increase in minimum support price has been announced for lentils (Rs. 300 / quintal) as well as gram and rapeseed and mustard (Rs. 225 / quintal for each) and safflower (Rs. 112 / quintal). For barley and wheat, an increase of Rs.75 / quintal and Rs.50 / quintal has been announced respectively. The purpose of keeping the difference is to encourage crop diversification.
2021-22 Increase in MSP of marketing season rabi crops has been done on the lines of the proclamation of fixing the Union Budget 2018-19 KMSP to at least 1.5 times the all India weighted average production cost. Farmers profit on their production cost The highest (106 per cent) is required for wheat as well as for rapeseed and mustard (93 per cent), gram and lantil (78 per cent). For barley, the farmers have been estimated at 65 per cent of their production cost and 50 per cent for the safflower.
Support is in the form of MSP and purchase. In the case of cereals, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and other designated state agencies will continue to provide price support to farmers. The government has prepared a buffer stock of pulses and domestic procurement of pulses is also being done under the Price Stabilization Fund (PSF).
The Composite Plan “Pradhan Mantri Annadata Income Protection Campaign” (PM-ASHA), which includes Price Support Scheme (PSS), Bhavantar Payment Scheme (PDPS) and Experimental Private Procurement and Storage Scheme (PPSS) to assist in procurement of pulses and oilseeds.
In spite of the global Kovid-19 epidemic and subsequent nationwide lockdown, timely intervention by the government has resulted in an all-time record procurement of 39 million tonnes of wheat for RMS 2020-21. About 43 lakh farmers  have benefited under the procurement operation period which is 22 per cent higher than RMS 2019-20. It is estimated to purchase 390 lakh tonnes of wheat in 2019-20, while 280 lakh in 2014-15. Tons were purchased. In 2019-20, it is estimated to purchase 1.5 million metric tonnes of pulses, while 3 lakh tonnes were procured in 2014-15. In 2019-20, it is estimated to purchase 18 lakh metric tons of oilseeds, while in 2014-15, 12 thousand metric tons of oilseeds were procured.
In the current state of health epidemic, coordinated efforts are being made by the government to address the problems faced by the farmers. To solve the problems faced by the farmers, various efforts taken by the government are as follows
Along with increasing the MSP, the procurement process was reformed so that maximum number of farmers would get the benefit.
During the cobid epidemic, wheat procurement centers were increased twice and pulses-oilseed centers increased threefold.
During the epidemic, 390 lakh tonnes of wheat was procured at a cost of 75 thousand crores, which is about 15 percent more than the previous year.
PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi – The farmers benefiting from the scheme started are about 10 crores, the total amount is about 93 thousand crores.
About 38,000 crores were released to about 9 crore farmers during the Cobid epidemic under PM Kisan.
In the last about 6 months, 1.25 crore new KCCs have been issued.
The sowing of summer season is 57 lakh hectare, which is 16 lakh hectare more than last year. Kharif sowing is also more than 5 percent from the previous year.
The number of e-nam mandis has increased from 585 to 1000 during the Cobid epidemic. In the last year, about 35 thousand crore rupees were traded on the e-platform.
6,850 crore will be spent for the scheme for the formation of 10,000 FPOs during the next five years.
Under the crop insurance scheme, farmers have paid a premium of Rs 17,500 crore in the last 4 years and they have been given Rs 77 thousand crore. Claims were paid.
The crop insurance scheme has been made voluntary. Kisan Rail has been started.
The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020, and Price Assurance and Agricultural Services, with the objective of providing appropriate channels to farmers to sell their produce outside the traditional APMC mandi system and to promote private participation in agricultural trade.
The Farmers (Empowerment and Security) Convention Ordinance, 2020 has been promulgated. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 is promulgated to create an effective agri-food supply chain for value addition, scientific storage, warehousing and marketing infrastructure and to attract more private sector investment.
CGTMSE (Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises) for loans and loans up to 2 crore rupees under the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund Scheme, with a rebate of 3 percent interest per annum.
Also read in Hindi: केंद्र ने रबी फसलों के एमएसपी में की वृद्धि, किसान जहां चाहे बेच सकेंगे अपनी फसल