Chandrashekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhabra village located in Jabua tehsil. On 27 February 1931, at Alfred Park in Allahabad, when the last bullet was left in his pistol, he shot himself with his pistol. At that very moment, his life left that mortal body and merged with the Panchatattva.
On accepting the leadership of this revolutionary organization ‘The Hindustan Socialist Republican Army’, Chandrashekhar Azad directed many youths towards armed revolution. He did works like ‘Kakori Train Action’, (Kakori Kand) Saunders’ Slaughter, ‘Bomb Throwing in Kendriya Sadan’. Caught in the clutches of the British, this Kranti Surya finally made his name ‘Azad’ meaningful by shooting himself.
Where was he born?
Allahabad Chandrashekhar Azad was born in Bhabra village located in Jabua tehsil of Central India. His father’s name was Sitaram Tiwari and mother’s name was Jagdani Devi. While studying Sanskrit in Banaras, at the age of 14, he participated in the movement of lawlessness.
At that time he was so small that when he was caught, he could not even hold his handcuffs. The British judiciary gave this small child an inhuman punishment of hitting 12 whips. These codes increased anger in Azad’s mind and lost his faith in non-violence.
He became a revolutionary by heart. Shri Pranavesh Mukherjee gave him revolution initiation in Kashi. Chandrashekhar Azad was the leader in whatever revolutionary movements, experiments, plans made by the revolutionary party from the year 1921 to 1932.
Chandrashekhar Azad, who came out after sacrificing Saunders, had since become a disciple of Udasi Mahant in different disguise. The reason for this was that these Mahants had a lot of money. He was about to meet Azad only; But Azad did not like the customary conduct going on in that Math; So he left this job. Later, he started living in Jhansi. There he learned to drive a motor, aim accurately with a pistol, etc.
Even though the Kakori plan was hanging the sword on his head, he was still busy with the plan to free the revolutionaries involved in that accusation; But the onlookers felt that now they have given up the revolutionary work.
At the time of the Gandhi-Irwin agreement, he sent this message to Gandhi that you should free the revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh etc. But Gandhi rejected it. Even then, Azad continued his efforts to free the revolutionaries.
It was Azad’s pledge that I would not fall into the hands of the British while I was alive. On 27 February 1931, he finally entered Alfred Park in Allahabad. Superintendent of Police Not Bawar fired at Azad as soon as he came there. She hit his thigh; But at the same time, Azad failed his hand by firing at Not Bavar.
After that, he crawled under the cover of a Jamun tree and shouted to the Hindi soldiers there and said, O soldier brothers, why are you people firing bullets at me? I am fighting for your freedom! Get it right! They started saying to the other people, ‘Don’t come here! Bullets are on! You will be killed! Vande Mataram! Vande Mataram!
When the last bullet was left in his pistol, he rested the pistol on his head and pressed its arc. At that very moment, his life left that mortal body and merged with the Panchatattva.
Knott Bower said I have rarely seen such perfect shooters!
The policemen assured his death by stabbing a sword in his lifeless body. The government tried to burn his dead body by propagating that a dacoit was killed in Alfred Park, but Pandit Malviya and Kamala Nehru destroyed this conspiracy and his half-burnt body was once again cremated according to Hindu tradition. On 28 February, taking out his funeral in large numbers, all the leaders paid tribute to him in a huge gathering.
Humble greetings to the head of revolutionaries, Chandrashekhar Azad!