IIT Guwahati develops perovskite solar cells to generate electricity

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati have developed hybrid perovskite solar or photovoltaic devices to produce electricity from sunlight.

These machines are highly efficient and easy to manufacture. According to officials, the hybrid site can also be easily recycled.

Parameshwara K Iyer, Professor in the Institute’s Department of Chemistry and Center for Nanotechnology and School for Health Science and Technology, attracted tremendous attention because of their exponential growth in terms of capacity achieved within a decade.

What is Perovskite Solar Cell (PSC)

A perovskite solar cell (PSC) is a type of solar cell consisting of a perovskite-structured compound, usually a hybrid organic-inorganic lead or tin halide-based material, as a light-harvesting active layer.

Perovskite materials are extremely unstable to ambient (humidity and oxygen) conditions that restrict their commercialization.

It is a major player in the market when it comes to inorganic solar cells. This technology requires high-temperature processing resulting in a higher price for solar panels.

Organic-inorganic hybrid PSCs have experienced rapid development in terms of efficiency and stability due to the development of highly efficient functional materials combined with careful device engineering.

According to experts, recycling solar panels is dangerous and complicated.