New Delhi: India on Thursday became the third country after the US and Brazil to report over 4 lakh Covid deaths. Apart from these, Mexico is the only other country that has recorded more than 2 lakh deaths.
There are 10 countries where more than one lakh people have succumbed to COVID or related complications. With 6 lakh deaths, the US tops the list followed by Brazil (5.2 lakh), India (4.0 lakh), Mexico (2.3 lakh) and Peru at 1.9 lakh. The other five countries in the death toll are Russia, Britain, Italy, France and Colombia.
Among these countries, India’s death rate per million population is by far the lowest at 287. It is 916 in Russia and between 1,000 and 2,000 for France, Mexico, the US and the UK. Of these countries, the proportion is highest in Peru, which has seen 5,765 deaths for every million of its population. Colombia, Italy and Brazil, the other three countries that have seen more than a million deaths so far, have a death per million ratio of more than 2,000 but less than 3,000. The case fatality rate (deaths per 100 infections) in India is 1.3, which is again the lowest among these countries.
When compared to other large Asian countries (both economy and population) and its neighbourhoods, however, India has the highest death per million ratio. Except Nepal, which has 308 deaths per million population, most of these countries have a lower proportion than India. The Philippines and Indonesia are the only other countries where this ratio exceeds 200. This ratio is 160 in Malaysia, 143 for Sri Lanka and 122 for Afghanistan. On the other hand, in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand this figure is less than 100. In terms of mortality, India is better than most of these countries, but Sri Lanka, Thailand and Malaysia also have lower CFR.
The latest data from Johns Hopkins University’s COVID Dashboard and the UN Population Estimates for 2021 show that among 121 countries with a population of more than 5 million, India has 54 more deaths per million than India. Of these, 66 countries have this ratio less than India.